Echinococcus Infection: The Effects of Echinococcosis on Public Health and EconomyAbstract views: 268 / PDF downloads: 267
Keywords:Echinococcus species, economic losses, control, preventive medicine, zoonosis
The term echinococcosis refers to the disease caused by any species of the genus Echinococcus. It is a parasitic disease that has been known since the 17th century and continues to be an important problem to human and animal health as well as economic losses caused by the disease. In livestock, the economic loss caused by organ destruction due to echinococcosis is not the only drawback; the reduction in meat, milk and fleece quality and yield, decreased fertility, and low birth weight should also be taken into account. In humans, the infection causes high economic losses due to hospitalization, loss of labor and diagnostic and therapeutic requirements. Therefore, it is apparent that prevention and control programs should be implemented effectively to prevent or minimize the adverse consequences of echinococcosis, as it is well known that economic losses associated with human health and animal husbandry are immense. In this review, we aimed to contribute to the understanding of the transmission dynamics of Echinococcus species, to present current data on this topic, and to obtain information about the current status of echinococcosis in terms of zoonotic potential.