International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR) 2023-03-25T17:08:14+03:00 Assoc.Prof.Dr.Husamettin Ekici Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR) accepts original research, reviews, clinical trials, case reports and correspondence. <strong>***As of January 2019, manuscripts written only in English has been processed for evaluation and publication.***</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show">​Animal feed and nutrition</li> <li class="show">Anatomy</li> <li class="show">Animal Behavior</li> <li class="show">Animal biotechnology</li> <li class="show">Animal breeding</li> <li class="show">Animal Diseases</li> <li class="show">Animal Feed</li> <li class="show">Animal husbandry</li> <li class="show">Animal nutrition</li> <li class="show">Animal Nutrition&nbsp; and Welfare</li> <li class="show">Animal parasitology</li> <li class="show">Animal Immunology</li> <li class="show">Animal physiology</li> <li class="show">Animal Reproduction</li> <li class="show">Animal Vaccine</li> <li class="show">Animal Viruses</li> <li class="show">Biological science</li> <li class="show">Diseases Companion and Wild Animals</li> <li class="show">Equine​</li> <li class="show">Ethology</li> <li class="show">Fisheries</li> <li class="show">Food Safety</li> <li class="show">Infectious diseases</li> <li class="show">Marine Science</li> <li class="show">Pathology</li> <li class="show">Pharmacological medicine</li> <li class="show">Transgenic animal production</li> <li class="show">Veterinary Clinical Research</li> <li class="show">Veterinary medicine</li> <li class="show">Veterinary Parasitology</li> <li class="show">Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology</li> <li class="show">Veterinary science</li> <li class="show">Veterinary Technician</li> <li class="show">Zoonotic Disease</li> <li class="show">Zootechny</li> </ul> Intestinal Permeability Targeted Rectal Enema Nutraceutical Intervention in Dogs with Cutaneous Adverse Food Reactions: Gut-Brain-Skin Axis Directed Pro-active Treatment 2022-11-21T22:33:22+03:00 Kerem Ural Hasan Erdogan Songul Erdogan Tuğba Aslan Cansu Balıkçı Gamze Gökçay <p>Inflammatory cutaneous disorders have frequently been subjected to treatment trials with very limited success by pharmaceutical intervention, such as corticosteroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Nevertheless, the latter drugs might be usual suspects for undesirable side effects. In an attempt to overcome those side effects, natural nutraceuticals are being investigated by the present researchers group. In this scenario, 5 different set of nutraceutical interventions [were numbered by their relevant usage order as Nutr-i1 to Nutr-i5] via rectal enema was deemed available at the present study as a novel protocol for pro-active treatment of cutaneous adverse food reactions (caFr) among dogs involved. In a total of 10 dogs with caFr, at the age of 2 to 7 years old, of both sexes, from various breeds diagnosis was based on i) in vitro serum testing for selected/specific IgE ii) intradermal testing different antigens, iii) elimination diet trial and iv) treatment based respond evaluation. Pruritus, as a vast majority presented clinical sign, scoring deemed available visual analog scale (pVaS). Mean ( ± Sd) pVaS scores showed significant decreases after treatment in contrast to prior values [1.4 ± 1.27 vs.7.7 ± 1.62, respectively (p&lt;0.005)]. As discussed herein in the whole manuscript, all Nutr-i1 to Nutr-i5 protocols showed pro-active treatment efficacy, which could contribute to novel protocol establishment.</p> 2023-03-25T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR) Investigation of Dilated Cardiomyopathy Tendency by Echocardiography in Kangal Dogs 2022-03-12T21:08:36+03:00 Görkem Toksoy Sibel Yasa Duru <p>Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is defined as a cardiac disease characterized by dilatation of the cardiac chamber, decreased myocardial contractility, and decreased left ventricular ejection fraction. In this study, we aimed to determine whether there is a tendency to age-related dilated cardiomyopathy in Kangal Dogs, a breed of Anatolia, echocardiographically. The experimental groups of the study consisted of a total of 20 dogs, 10 of which were 1-3 years old, young group (Group I) and the other 10 were 4-7 years old, middle-aged group (Group II), who had no clinical problems at rest. By echocardiographic examination, the end-diastolic thickness of interventricular septum, the end-systolic thickness of interventricular septum, left atrial diastolic diameter, aortic root diastolic inner diameter, the ratio of left atrium diameter to aortic diameter, left ventricular end-diastolic inner diameter, left ventricular end-systolic inner diameter end-systolic thickness of the posterior wall, the end-diastolic thickness of the posterior wall of the left ventricle, heart rate, left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular contraction force, stroke volume, cardiac output, end-diastolic volume and end-systolic volume parameters were measured. The data collected from the two groups were analysed using independent samples T-test. In conclusion, considering that the age of the Kangal dogs constituting the middle-aged group (G II) of the study was within the age limits specified in the studies (6-7 years), a myocardial defect indicating echocardiographic DCM was not detected. Thus, it was concluded that there is no tendency for DCM among the age groups included in the study. However, it can be said that echocardiographic evaluation of more coiled dogs in the given age group may give a more reliable result considering that the rate of DCM is 6% in different breed dogs.</p> 2023-03-25T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR) Evaluation of the Effects of Medetomidine and Dexmedetomidine Use on Intraocular Pressure in Cats 2023-01-21T19:02:22+03:00 Birkan Karslı Merve Bakıcı Zeynep Pekcan <p>In the present study, it was aimed to investigate the effects of α-2 agonists used for sedation in cats, namely medetomidine hydrochloride and dexmedetomidine, on intraocular pressure. Two study groups, each containing 17 animals, were formed. One of the groups was treated with 80 µg/kg medetomidine hydrochloride, and the other group with 40 µg/kg dexmedetomidine, via IM route. The animals underwent intraocular pressure measurement before sedative agent administration (T), at the time of vomiting (T1), after vomiting (T2), at 40th minute (T3), at 60th minute (T4), and 20 minutes after atipamezol administration (T5). There was no significant difference between intra-group intraocular pressure measurements taken at different times and inter-group IOP mesaurements taken at the same time points (P&gt;0.05). A numerical increase occurred in intraocular pressure after vomiting, and intraocular pressure was found to be lower during sedation than at the baseline. In conclusion, it was determined that the administration of medetomidine hydrochloride and dexmedetomidine via intramuscular route for sedation reduced intraocular pressure but the levels remained within reference range.</p> 2023-03-25T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR) The Effect of Different Diseases (Hepatozoon canis, Distemper and Babesia canis canis) on Serum Haptoglobin, Ceruloplasmin and Albumin Levels in Dogs 2023-03-02T13:38:30+03:00 Cemalettin Ayvazoğlu Şemiştan Kızıltepe Nilgün Aydın <p>In this study; it was aimed to determine serum Hp, Cp, and Alb levels in dogs infected with <em>Hepatazoon canis</em>, Distemper and <em>Babesia canis canis</em>. The material of the study; 45 dogs infected with <em>H. canis</em> (n=15), <em>B. c. canis</em> (n=15) by PCR analysis, and canine distemper (n=15) with the rapid diagnosis kit, which were brought to Iğdır University Tuzluca Animal Hospital formed. In addition, 15 healthy dogs were used for control purposes in the study. The serum Hp, Cp, and Alb levels of dogs with <em>H. canis</em> were determined as 1.8712±0.003 mg/mL, 9.1746±1.504 mg/dL, and 3.1067±0.073 g/dL, respectively. The serum Hp, Cp, and Alb levels of dogs with distemper were 1.8787±0.005 mg/mL, 7.3016±1.439 mg/dL, and 2.9667±0.080 g/dL, respectively. The serum Hp, Cp, and Alb levels of dogs with <em>B. c. canis</em> were measured as 1.8780±0.002 mg/mL, 7.8456±2.092 mg/dL, and 3.2467±0.129 g/dL, respectively. Whereas, serum Hp, Cp, and Alb concentrations of healthy dogs were determined as 1.8662±0.003 mg/mL, 2.9745±0.343 mg/dL, and 2.9600±0.108 g/dL, respectively. While Cp concentration of sick animals were higher than healthy animals (P&lt;0.05), there was no statistically significant difference in Hp and Alb concentrations (P&gt;0.05). As a result, it was determined that serum Cp concentration increased in dogs with <em>H. canis</em>, distemper and <em>B. c. canis</em> compared to healthy dogs, while Hp and Alb concentrations did not change.</p> 2023-03-25T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR) Retrospective Evaluation of Spinal Trauma Treatments in 58 Cats and 12 Dogs 2023-02-19T01:10:25+03:00 Sadık Yayla Semih Altan Emine Çatalkaya Berna Ersöz Kanay Nahit Saylak Mehmet Kılınç <p>Traumatic vertebral fractures and/or dislocations in cats and dogs can cause severe spinal cord injury, resulting in severe conditions such as pain, urinary incontinence, paresis or paraplegia. This study involved 58 cats and 12 dogs with external spinal trauma, and it was aimed to present the etiology, treatment and results, retrospectively. After the location of the neurological damage was determined, the patients were treated either conservatively or surgically. One of the surgical methods such as polyaxial screw, locking plate application and external fixation application was decided. In the treated animals, complete recovery was seen in 10 cats and functional recovery in 14 cats and 1 dog, but 12 cats and 2 dogs were in poor condition. Loss of deep pain sensation after spinal trauma is important for prognosis. Although there are many different treatment options, the decision should be made according to the patient's condition and the surgeon's preference. In addition, patients with spinal trauma also require serious trauma management and it is very important that the animal's vital values are stable.</p> 2023-03-25T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR) Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome in Dogs 2022-08-21T14:00:47+03:00 Gaye Değirmenci Rahime Yaygıngül <p>Brachycephalic dogs are characterized by a shortened muzzle of varying sizes and a round and large head. These breeds include the Boston Terrier, English Bulldog, French Bulldog, Pug, Pekingese, Shih Tzu, and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Brachycephalic airway syndrome is a common finding in brachycephalic breeds. A combination of primary and secondary changes can progress to life-threatening laryngeal collapse. In this review, information will be given about narrow nostrils, elongated soft palate, and everted laryngeal saccules, which are brachycephalic primary respiratory tract pathologies.</p> 2023-03-25T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR) Fundamental Molecules in the Pathways and Regulation of Apoptosis 2023-02-28T23:01:51+03:00 Serife Tutuncu Bengul Ozdemir <p>Apoptosis plays a role in many events such as the remodeling of cells starting from embryo formation, the elimination of faulty or dysfunctional cells, and is important for cellular balance. Bcl-2 family and various mediators, of which caspases are the basis, play a role in maintaining this balance in apoptosis. These mediators are important in the initiation, continuation and arrest of apoptosis pathways, and in the regulation of cellular balance. Damages to these mechanisms can cause undesirable results and diseases. In this review, we tried to give information about the pathways of apoptosis and the basic molecules involved in the regulation of apoptosis.</p> 2023-03-25T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR)