Preparation of Quail (Coturnix coturnix) Skeleton to Promote the Teaching Facilities of Avian Anatomy Laboratory

Abstract views: 126 / PDF downloads: 71


  • Swarup Kumar Kundu
  • Zahid Hasan Rocky
  • Md. Amim Al Maruf
  • Ahanaf Tahmid Chowdhory
  • Abu Sayeed


Avian morphology, framework, knowledge, quail, veterinary students


The stiff structure of the body, or skeleton, provides the body with its overall form, permits movement, generates blood cells, and protects delicate organs. This research was done to prepare the quail (Coturnix coturnix) skeleton for the avian anatomy museum and educational facilities. A total of five matured Quails (at the age of 6 months) were collected from a commercial quail farm, in Khulna, Bangladesh. The carotid artery and jugular vein were carefully dissected before skinning each quail with feathers, removing all viscera, combs, and wattles. To adequately disintegrate the muscles, ligaments, and tendons, different body sections of the bones were separated, wrapped in markin cloth, and cooked in a 3% solution of soda water for 1.5 hours. The body parts were then maintained in separate solutions for 5 days. After five days, the bones were thoroughly cleaned by soaking them in a 5% hydrogen peroxide solution for 30 minutes, and rinse them under running water. To maintain the order of the vertebrae in the various segments, a steel wire was inserted into the vertebral foramen. After proper sun drying for 25 days, a set of bony components from different parts (axial and appendicular) of the body was finally found and articulated to rise into a whole skeletal frame. Therefore, the present work denotes time-consuming and easy preparation of the avian skeleton as well as the skeletal framework will be helpful for veterinary students in the avian anatomy laboratory as well as to enhance the elegance of the anatomy museum.


Aspinall V, Cappello M. 2019. Introduction to Animal and Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology, fourth ed. CABI Digital Library, pp. 31-45.

Atabo SM, Hena SA, Jaji AZ, Bodinga AH. 2019. Bovine skeleton preparation using hot water technique for anatomical studies. Asian Journal of Research in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 4(3): 1-7.

O'Malley B. 2008. Clinical anatomy and physiology of avian species-from bird brains to pigeon toes. World Small Animal Veterinary Association. World Congress Proceedings. Dublin, Ireland.

Baker P, Davis S, Payne S, Revill M. 2003. On preparing animal skeletons: a simple and effective method. International Council for Archaeozoology, 4(1): 4-15.

Curran AR, Adams DJ, Gill JL, Steiner ME, Scheller AD. 2004. The biomechanical effects of low-dose irradiation on bone-patellar tendon-bone allografts. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 32(5): 1131-1135.

DePaula CA, Truncale KG, Gertzman AA, Sunwoo MH, Dunn MG. 2005. Effects of hydrogen peroxide cleaning procedures on bone graft osteoinductivity and mechanical properties. Cell Tissue Bank. 6: 287-298.

Faruk AZ, Das SK. 2023. Detergent Maceration: A convenient skeleton preparation technique for teaching and demonstration of veterinary anatomy. Journal of Applied Veterinary Sciences, 8(1): 11-17.

Getty R. 1975. Sisson and Grossman’s, the anatomy of the domestic animals. 5th ed. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Company; pp. 1790.

Gofur MR, Khan MS.2010. Development of a quick, economic and efficient method for preparation of skeleton of small animals and birds. International Journal of BioResearch, 2(7): 13-17.

Hussain M, Hussain N, Zainab H and Qaiser S. 2007. Skeletal preservation techniques to enhance veterinary anatomy teaching. International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences, 1: 21-23.

Jacob J. Accessed 2023. Small and backward poultry, avian skeletal system. The University of Kentucky. Available at: https: // poultry. / articles / poultry-anatomy/avian-skeletal-system.

Kempa K, Kulawik M, Bartyzel BJ, Jakubowski M, Skubis J, Koczon P. 2016. Characterization of selected techniques of maceration bones of Gallus gallus domesticus. Folia Pomeranae Universitatis Technologiae Stetinensis. Agricultura, Alimentaria, Piscaria et Zootechnica, 39(3(328)): 109-116.

Leon TH, Justin K. 2004. Carcass Disposal: A Comprehensive Review. National Agricultural Biosecurity Center, Kansas State University, USA. Chapter 6.

Linden J. 2014. Understanding the role of the skeleton in production. The poultry site. Available at:

Mussa MT, Kamal MM, Mahmud MA, Sarker BK, Jalil MA, Das SK. 2015. Evaluation of a rapid and efficient method for preparation of skeletons of rabbit and goose. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 13(2): 27-31.

Olson SL. 2003. Development and uses of avian skeleton collections. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club.

Simriti, Gupta S, Jamwal NS and Raina S. 2019. Use of sodium carbonate as bone preparation agent. International Journal of Applied Research, 5(5): 66-67.

Turney BW. 2007. Anatomy in a modern medical curriculum. The Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England, 89(2): 104-107.

Van Cleave J. 2010. Available at:




How to Cite

Kundu, S. K., Rocky, Z. H., Maruf, M. A. A., Chowdhory, A. T., & Sayeed, A. (2023). Preparation of Quail (Coturnix coturnix) Skeleton to Promote the Teaching Facilities of Avian Anatomy Laboratory. International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR), 6(3), 91–95. Retrieved from



Research Articles