Deep Dive of Vitamin D among Respiratory Diseased and Healthy CalvesAbstract views: 42 / PDF downloads: 64
Keywords:Calves, disease, health, vitamin D
The requirement for vitamin D intake of dairy cattle has been better understood within the past few years and is well accepted by dairy producers and veterinary surgeons. In our country, as to the present author knowledge. In our country, as to the present author knowledge whether current recommendations and practices for supplemental vitamin D are meeting the needs of dairy cattle, however, is not well known. Circulatory vitamin D status of calves has been truly denoted via 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] metabolite levels in serum/plasma, with a concentration of 30 ng/mL proposed as a lower threshold for sufficiency. The present author was unaware of finding documented reports regarding vitamin d and its alterations among calves with respiratory distress. In the present study 16 calves (Group 1) were presenting clinical signs of respiratory problems and other 12 (Group 2) were selected as healthy control group. All necessary blood samples were taken were analyzed by Savant Fluorescent Immunoassay Device by use of Savant 25(OH)D test kits. Vitamin D (ng/mL) (X ̅ ± SE) among healthy calves and calves with pneumonia were detected as 63.21 ± 5.63 vs. 23.80 ± 2.75 with a statistical significance (p ≤0,001). In summary it should not be unwise to draw conclusion that pulmonary defence against respiratory infections should involve Vitamin D supplementation at appropriate dosages among calves.
Alıç Ural D, Erdoğan S. 2019. Determination of the relationship between dermatophytosis disease activity and serum 25 (OH) D3 vitamin levels in limited cattle population under field conditions. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 7(2): 132-138.
Aliç Ural D, Ural K. 2023. Zonulin as a preliminary biomarker of lung permeability among diseased calves: Cohort study. Egypt. J. Vet. Sci., 54(4): 601-607.
Çamkerten G, Erdoğan H, Ural DA, Çamkerten İ, Erdoğan S, Ural K. 2019. Giardia duodenalis ile doğal enfekte kuzularda serum 25 (OH) D3 seviyeleri. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal, 12(1): 71-74.
Colotta F, Jansson B, Bonelli F. 2017. Modulation of inflammatory and immune responses by vitamin D. J Autoimmun, 85: 78-97.
Erdoğan S, Ural DA, Erdoğan H, Ayan A, Ural K, Özalp T, Günal İ. 2020. Evaluation of serum 25-hydroxy vitamin d3 levels in goat kids naturally infected with Giardia duodenalis. Journal of Advances in VetBio Science and Techniques, 5(2): 43-47.
Ferrari D, Lombardi G, Banfi G. 2017. Concerning the vitamin D reference range: Pre-analytical and analytical variability of vitamin D measurement. Biochemia medica, 27(3): 453-466.
Flores-Villalva S, O’Brien MB, Reid C, Lacey S, Gordon SV, Nelson C, Meade KG. 2021. Low serum vitamin D concentrations in Spring-born dairy calves are associated with elevated peripheral leukocytes. Scientific Reports, 11(1): 18969.
Herrmann M, Farrell CJL, Pusceddu I, Fabregat-Cabello N, Cavalier E. 2017. Assessment of vitamin D status–a changing landscape. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM), 55(1): 3-26.
Hughes DA & Norton R. 2009. Vitamin D and respiratory health. Clinical & Experimental Immunology, 158(1): 20-25.
Luchnikova T & Prikhodko O. 2020. Vitamin D as a marker of worsening of the course of pneumonia. European Respiratory Journal, 56: 2343.
Nelson CD, Lippolis JD, Reinhardt TA, Sacco RE, Powell JL, Drewnoski ME, O’Neil M, Beitz DC, Weiss WP. 2016. Vitamin D status of dairy cattle: Outcomes of current practices in the dairy industry. Journal of dairy science, 99(12): 10150-10160.
Nicholson KG, Kent J, Ireland DC. 1993. Respiratory viruses and exacerbations of asthma in adults. British Medical Journal, 307(6910): 982-986.
Poulsen KP, McGuirk SM. 2009. Respiratory disease of the bovine neonate. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice, 25(1): 121-137.
Reinhardt TA, Hustmyer FG. 1987. Role of vitamin D in the immune system. Journal of Dairy Science, 70: 952–962.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.