Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome in Dogs

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  • Gaye Değirmenci
  • Rahime Yaygıngül


Brachycephaly, airway syndrome, diagnosis, anestesia, treatment


Brachycephalic dogs are characterized by a shortened muzzle of varying sizes and a round and large head. These breeds include the Boston Terrier, English Bulldog, French Bulldog, Pug, Pekingese, Shih Tzu, and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Brachycephalic airway syndrome is a common finding in brachycephalic breeds. A combination of primary and secondary changes can progress to life-threatening laryngeal collapse. In this review, information will be given about narrow nostrils, elongated soft palate, and everted laryngeal saccules, which are brachycephalic primary respiratory tract pathologies.


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How to Cite

Değirmenci, G., & Yaygıngül, R. (2023). Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome in Dogs. International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR), 6(1), 28–34. Retrieved from



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