Treatment of Radius and Ulna Fractures in Toy and Miniature Breed Dogs (22 Cases)
Radius and Ulna Fractures in Small Breed DogsAbstract views: 235 / PDF downloads: 119
Keywords:Canine, extremity, orthopedics, small animal, surgery
Radial and ulnar fractures are common in small animals. Especially toy and miniature breed dogs are at high risk of incidence. Although there are plenty of studies on the treatment of radius and ulna fractures in small animals, studies related to the radius and ulna fractures in toy and miniature breed dogs are limited. The objective of this study was to report the diagnostic information and treatment outcome of radial and ulnar fracture treatment in toy and miniature breed dogs. Radius and ulna fractured 22 toy and miniature breed dogs were included in the study. Clinical findings, radiographic images, treatment applications, prognosis and outcomes were evaluated. As a treatment method, external coaptation in 5 extremities and surgical reduction and osteosynthesis in 17 extremities were performed. Out of 5 dogs who underwent external coaptation, 4 had good outcome and 1 had malunion. Out of 17 patients which underwent surgical treatment, 13 had a good outcome, 2 had nonunion, 1 had surgical site infection, and 1 had malunion and implant failure. As a result, original data on the etiology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis evaluations, and surgical outcomes of radius and ulna fractures of toy and miniature breed dogs were presented. External coaptation considered could be successful in closed and undislocated radius and ulna fractures of toy and miniature breed dogs. However, the surgical approach and osteosynthesis performing are considered essential in dislocated, comminuted, complicated fractures, or open fractures. Further prospective studies are needed to compare specific surgical treatment methods.
Altuğ ME, Deveci MZY, İşler CT, Yurtal Z, Gönenci R. 2017. Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Cerrahi Kliniği’ne getirilen ortopedi olgularının genel değerlendirilmesi: 564 olgu (2009-2014). Harran Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 6(2):158-162.
Baroncelli AB, Peirone B, Winter M, Reese D, Pozzi A. 2012. Retrospective comparison between minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis and open plating for tibial fractures in dogs. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 25(05):410-417.
İşler CT, Altuğ ME, Deveci MZY, Gönenci R, Yurtal Z. 2015. Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi cerrahi kliniği’ne getirilen olguların değerlendirilmesi, 1293 olgu (2009-2013). Fırat Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Veteriner Dergisi, 29(2):97-102.
Boudrieau RJ. 2001. Fractures of the Radius and ulna, in: Slatter D. (Ed.), Textbook of Small Animal Surgery. 3rd ed. Saunders, Philadelphia, USA, pp. 1953-1973.
Brianza SZM, Delise M, Maddalena Ferraris M, D’Amelio P, Botti P. 2006. Cross-sectional geometrical properties of distal radius and ulna in large, medium and toy breed dogs. Journal of Biomechanics. 39(02):302–311.
Cronier P, Pietu G, Dujardin C, Bigorre N, Ducellier F, Gerard R. 2010. The concept of locking plates. Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research, 96(4):S17-S36.
Fossum TW. 2013. Small Animal Surgery, fourth ed. St. Louis, Missouri.
Gibert S, Ragetly GR, Boudrieau RJ. 2015. Locking compression plate stabilization of 20 distal radial and ulnar fractures in toy and miniature breed dogs. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 28(06):441–447.
Haas B, Reichler IM, Montavon PM. 2003. Use of the tubular external fixator in the treatment of distal radial and ulnar fractures in small dogs and cats. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 16(03):132-137.
Hamilton MH, Langley Hobbs SJ. 2005. Use of the AO veterinary mini “T”-plate for stabilisation of distal radius and ulna fractures in toy breed dogs. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 18(01):18–25.
Karabağlı G. 2019. İstanbul’da Sokakta Yaşayan Köpek ve Kedilerde Meydana Gelen Antebrachium Kırıklarının İntrameduller Pin ile Sağaltımının Retrospektif Değerlendirilmesi: 2014-2017. Turkish Veterinary Journal, 1(1):16-23.
Lappin MR, Aron DN, Herron HL. 1983. Fractures of the radius and ulna in the dog. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 19:643–650.
Larsen LJ, Roush JK, McLaughlin RM. 1999. Bone plate fixation of distal radius and ulna fractures in small- and miniature-breed dogs. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 35(03):243–250.
Libardoni RDN, Costa DD, Menezes FB, Cavalli, LG, Pedrotti, LF, Kohlrausch PR, Minto BW, Silva MAM. 2018. Classification, fixation techniques, complications and outcomes of femur fractures in dogs and cats: 61 cases (2015-2016). Ciência Rural, 48(6): e20170028.
Minar M, Hwang Y, Park M, Kim S, Oh C, Choi S, Kim G. 2013. Retrospective study on fractures in dogs. Journal of Biomedical Research, 14(3):140-144.
Parent RDA, Benamou J, Gatineau M, Clerfond P, Planté J. 2017. Open reduction and cranial bone plate fixation of fractures involving the distal aspect of the radius and ulna in miniatureand toy-breed dogs: 102 cases (2008-2015). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 250(12):1419-1426.
Pozzi A, Hudson CC, Gauthier CM, Lewis DD. 2013. Retrospective comparison of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis and open reduction and internal fixation of radius‐ulna fractures in dogs. Veterinary Surgery, 42(1):19-27.
Ramírez JM, Macías C. 2016. Conventional bone plate fixation of distal radius and ulna fractures in toy breed dogs. Australian Veterinary Journal, 94(03):76–80.
Sağlıyan A, Han MC. 2016. Kedi ve köpeklerde uzun kemik kırıklarının sağaltımında akrilik eksternal fiksasyon ve intramedullar pin uygulama sonuçlarının klinik ve radyografik olarak değerlendirilmesi. Fırat Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Veteriner Dergisi, 30(19):45-54.
Stoffel K, Dieter U, Stachowiak G, Gächter A, Kuster MS. 2003. Biomechanical testing of LCP – how can stability in locked internal fixators be controlled? Injury, 34: B11–B19.
Wagner M. 2003. General principles for the clinical use of the LCP. Injury, 34(Suppl 2):B31–B42.
Wallace AM, De La Puerta B, Trayhorn D, Moores AP, Langley-Hoobs SJ. 2009. Feline combined diaphyseal radial and ulnar fractures. A retrospective study of 28 cases. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 22(1):38-46.
Waters DJ, Breur GJ, Toombs JP. 1993. Treatment of common forelimb fractures in miniature and toy breed dogs. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 29:442–448.
Watrous GK, Moens NM. 2017. Cuttable plate fixation for small breed dogs with radius and ulna fractures: retrospective study of 31 dogs. The Canadian Veterinary Journal, 58(4):377–382.
Welch JA, Boudrieau RJ, DeJardin LM, Spodnick GJ. 1997. The intraosseous blood supply of the canine radius: implications for healing of distal fractures in small dogs. Veterinary Surgery, 26(01):57–61.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.