Trace Element Levels in Naturally Infected Dogs with Giardiasis

Keywords: Diarrhoea, malnutrition, microelement, protozoal disease

Abstract

As a well-known protozoan zoonotic giardiasis has manifested itself with various clinical findings in mammal species including human and dogs. Absorption of some essential biochemical elements required to growth has interrupted in giardiasis being tight relationship with malnutrition. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine the serum trace element levels in dogs infected with giardiasis. For this purpose, totally 16 dogs enrolled in the study and 8 of these had diarrhoea compatible with giardia (infected group) and others were grouped into healthy. Diagnosis of giardia was performed by microscopical evaluation of cysts and supported by rapid test from faecal samples. In the infected group, copper (Cu), magnesium (Mg) and zinc (Zn) levels had significant differences to healthy control. Giardia infected dogs had a significant increase in Cu and significantly reduces in Mg and Zn levels. It was thought that unclear mechanism of decreased Zn levels might be related to elevated Cu involving enzyme systems. And also, malabsorption and diarrhoea were proposed mechanism for altered Mg levels, which could counteract by blocking of intestinal absorption. Consequently, Cu, Mg and Zn levels were affected in giardiasis and the addable of these elements to the treatment should be revealed by further studies.

Author Biographies

Kerem Ural, Prof. Dr.

Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Internal Medicine, Aydin, Turkey

Songul Erdogan, Ph.D. Research Asisstant

Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Internal Medicine, Aydin, Turkey

Duygu Tarhan, Ph.D. Research Asisstant

Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Department of Basic Medical Science, Istanbul, Turkey

Hasan Erdogan, Assoc. Prof. Dr.

Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Internal Medicine, Aydin, Turkey

Adnan Ayan, Assoc. Prof. Dr.

Van Yuzuncu Yil University, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Genetics, Van, Turkey

Alper Bayrakal, Dr.

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Internal Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Cagla Parkan Yaramıs, Assoc. Prof. Dr.

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Vocational School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Plant and Animal Production, Istanbul, Turkey

Alev Meltem Ercan, Prof. Dr.

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Istanbul, Turkey

Erman Or, Prof. Dr.

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Veterinary Faculty, Department of Internal Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Published
2021-09-16
How to Cite
Ural, K., Erdogan, S., Tarhan, D., Erdogan, H., Ayan, A., Bayrakal, A., Parkan Yaramıs, C., Ercan, A., & Or, E. (2021). Trace Element Levels in Naturally Infected Dogs with Giardiasis. International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research (IJVAR), 4(2), 49-52. Retrieved from http://ijvar.org/index.php/ijvar/article/view/495
Section
Research Articles