Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in Dogs and Its Importance in Terms of Public Health
The aim of the present study was to examine gastrointestinal parasites in stool samples collected from stray dogs cared in animal shelters of Kırıkkale and Ankara and pet dogs that have been taken to the clinics and animal hospitals for control and treatment, and to evaluate the results for public health. Stool samples of 200 animals were obtained by arriving relevant centres for this purpose. Stool samples obtained were evaluated macroscopically and microscopically. Fülleborn Flotation and Benedek Sedimentation techniques were applied onto the stool samples for microscopic examination; Mc Master technique as used to determine the egg count per stool gram in stool samples which were positive for parasite. Stool samples were also examined for protozoan trophozoites and cysts through Giemsa staining, and for Cryptosporidium spp. oocysts through Carbol-Fuchsin staining. According to the results of this study, helminths and protozoans were detected with following rates; Toxocara canis by 18%, Toxascaris leonina by 9%, Taenia spp. by 0.5%, Ancylostoma spp. by 7.5%, Dipylidium caninum by 0.5%, Hymenolepis diminuta by 0.5%, and Fasciolid type egg by 1.5%; protozoans detected in the stool samples were Isospora spp. by 14.5%, Giardia spp. by 16.5%, and Cryptosporidium spp. by 2%. Furthermore, the egg of Linguatula serrata (0.5%) was detected in one dog, and mature Demodex spp. (2%) was detected in 4 dogs.
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